The first pillar in All Hazards Planning is Prevention/Mitigation
Every community is unique, in cause, in design, in ideology & philosophy, in structure, in sophistication, in population, in resources, in coping abilities ………and so on. Therefore Hazards affect communities differently based on the above mentioned. Different communities will deal with hazards differently based on their structures and abilities.
In order to achieve resilience and sustainability, each community must understand:
- what are their threats;
- what are their vulnerabilities;
- what are the risks;
- what are their strengths and weaknesses;
- What the community is capable of & willing to do!
In order to be Resilient and Sustainable throughout an extreme event a community must be proactive by planning and preparing. An Emergency Planner must consider all hazards that may affect their Community. This is accomplished by completing a comprehensive inventory of all potential impacts. A detailed Site Assessment of the work areas should be undertaken. The more information you access, the more complete and comprehensive your Hazard Analysis will be.
The Emergency Planner should ask the following questions of each hazard:
- How does this hazard impact my Community?
- What are all of the ramifications of this hazard?
- What resources will we need & at what cost?
- What are the SHORT term and LONG term effects?
- What are my Community’s vulnerabilities associated with this hazard?
The All Hazards approach is “A process that ensures that disaster planning achieves its aims by collecting information on the full range of threats opposed to a single threat so subsequent risk management decisions can be made efficiently and appropriately.” The All Hazards approach ensures that the planning process:
- Achieves it’s aims efficiently
- Removes the focus off of single threats
- Considers a full range of threats (Primary, Secondary & Tertiary)
- Allows for appropriate Risk Management decisions
- Provides response solutions that can be applied to a range of hazards
“ALL HAZARDS Emergency Planning” provides a vehicle for a community’s emergency management style to be consistent regardless of the event. A community should not respond differently to every different impact. The fundamental response should be the same, the authorities, the triggers, and the responding agencies and responders should all be the same. By utilizing the same infrastructures, authorities processes, resourcing, training, supplying and management of the response, the process and the plan become an easier task to manage instead of a different management style for each impact.
The Prevention/Mitigation pillar consists of activities that identify and understand the hazards and their impacts that may affect a community. The community’s vulnerabilities are identified and along with the hazard impacts are analysed then through a risk analysis are ranked from wost impact to the least impact. Mitigation Strategies are developed for the ranked impacts.
The Prevention/Mitigation Pillar consist of 5 steps:
- Hazard Identification / Inventory
- Vulnerability Assessment
- Hazard Analysis
- Risk Analysis
- Mitigation Strategies