It is important to monitor the components of an Emergency Management program to provide indicators of the state of planning, preparedness and readiness of the community compared to the level best suited to meet the risks.
It is important to identify who is responsible for monitoring information. Monitoring can be means of triggering re-assessment of hazard information, review of risk management, mitigation strategies and plan re-writes.
Appropriate evaluation ensures that the Emergency Management Strategy continues to meet the needs of the community. It also demonstrates that the Emergency Management Program is being implemented as set out within the community’s strategic plan and according to the approved project criteria.
The most common tool for evaluating the plans is an exercise, however independent outside audits and peer review processes provide comprehensive feedback. These modalities can be used alone or combined to increase the comprehensiveness of the evaluation. Evaluations generally are done by a component by component approach, as this allows for enough time and resources to perform a thorough evaluation, do the analysis and file a report with details and recommendations for follow-up.
An Evaluation should follow any activated event, major plan re-write, or modification to any response protocols, mitigation strategies or recovery strategies to ensure that the changes are validated.
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